Introduction to industrial symbiosis and industrial ecology concepts and theory within the field of industrial sustainability. Technical and environmental aspects, economic and environmentally effective aspects, socio-technical, legal and organizational aspects of industrial ecology. Eco-industrial parks, industrial symbiosis within an industrial ecology framework, scales, material/system specific Finnish and international examples e.g. from the pulp and paper industry, non ferrous metals and chemicals industries, energy aspects, biofuels, interdisciplinary approaches to IS/IE research, Aalto research based case-studies. Life-cycle assessment.